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选区党领袖从何而来?
Stephenie Singer专栏
     2014-01-08 作者:Stephenie Singer 来源:海华都市网 打印 分享
摘要:费城的选区党领袖(Ward Leader)是什么人?他们有何职责?

用媒体的话来说,选区党领袖“在选举开始前几天把竞选资金花出去”,并且“确保市政府严格落实社区选举中必须要做的事情。”在法官选举中,在选票上的排位和是否有强有力的选区党派领袖支持往往是成功候选人的必备条件。还有一篇讲共和党选区领袖的文章说,政治家胳膊肘往里拐是常有的事——为自己的党派服务之人往往都能找到些不错的政府工作。
 
我就曾做过几年的选区党领袖。那时候要做的活儿非常多。除了组织选区委员会开会之外,我还要负责在选举日找人在投票站工作。这份工不挣钱,但是它确实能给我一切权力。当我刚一挂上“选区党派领袖”的头衔后,当地的官员在一天之内就开始私下里给我打电话。通过组织社区里一些政治活动,我还获得了直接与重要决策制定者们接触的机会——要知道这样机会一般只有运气和金钱才能给你。
 
如何成为选区党领袖呢?选区党领袖是由选举产生的。他们由选区内同党派选民间接选出。每四年一次,就在宾州共和党与民主党人选自己党派州长候选人时,他们同时可以选出自己选区的党委员会成员,他们就被称为“committeepeople(暂译:街道委员)”
 
2014年5月20日,周二,如果您已经注册成为了共和党或民主党成员,在您投票选举自己党派的州长、国会、州议会候选人之时,您也可以为自己选区的街道委员投出两票。任何与你属于同一党派,并且与您在同一个投票站投票的邻居都可以成为你的街道委员。投票结束三个星期后,这些新当选的街道委员则会与毗邻选区的大约30到60名同僚一起开会。这群人被称为选区党委会(Ward Committee),他们会选出自己的选区党领袖和其他官员。

您可以从自己党派的竞选财务报表(campaign finance reports)上获知自己的选区党领袖和街道委员会的具体情况。要知道,街道委员会是政治活动组织,他们必须定时汇报政治捐款和选举开销。如果您想了解更多信息,不妨与自己的街道委员和选区党领袖聊两句。

鉴于街道委员选举一般就由寥寥50张选票决定,所以您的街道委员们应该非常殷勤地想要得到你的青睐。如果您从来没有见过自己的街道委员,或者不方便接触,或者与他们意见不一致,是时候该行使您自己的民主权力了——与他们作对,或者帮助其他邻居竞选他们的职位。只要您注册成了两大党派的成员,您就有条件参选。

如果您想了解更多关于政治活动财务报表、街道委员会及其选举的信息,请拨打我的办公室电话:215-686-3460(英)。

原文:

Where do Ward Leaders Come From?
 
Philadelphia Ward Leaders. Who are they? What do they do?
 
According to press reports Ward Leaders “spread out the cash in the days before the election”
 and “make sure the City follows through on what needs to be done in the community.” When it comes to judicial elections, “ballot position and backing of powerful Democratic party ward leaders usually trumps a candidate’s qualifications.” And, as an article about the Republican Ward Leaders says, “well, there’s always patronage” -- finding government jobs for people who have served the party.
 
I was a Ward Leader for a few years. It was a lot of work. In addition to organizing the meetings of Committeepeople, I was responsible for finding people to work at the polls on Election Day. There was no monetary pay, but the position did give me power. Once I had the title “Ward Leader” local elected officials returned my phone calls, personally, within a day. I had earned, through political activity in my neighborhood, what is often gained through luck or money: I had earned access to government decision makers.
 
How does someone become a Ward Leader? Ward Leaders are elected. They are chosen, indirectly, by voters of their party. Every four years, at the same Spring election where Pennsylvania Republicans and Democrats choose their parties’ candidates for Governor, they also elect representatives to their local Ward Committees, commonly called “Committeepeople.”
 
So on Tuesday, May 20, 2014, if you are registered as a Democrat or a Republican, when you go to the polls to choose your party’s candidates for Governor, US Congress, State Representative and State Senator, you will also be able to cast two votes for Committeeperson. Each Committeeperson candidate will be a neighbor who votes at the same place you vote, and who is registered in your party. Three weeks later the Committeepeople who win will gather with (typically 30-60) Committeepeople from the same party and nearby voting precincts. This group is called the Ward Committee. The Ward Committee elects the Ward Leader and other officers of the Ward Committee.
 
You can get factual information about your Ward Leader and Ward Committee activities by looking at campaign finance reports. Ward Committees are political action committees, so they have to report all their donations and spending several times each year. For more general information, talk to your current Committeepeople or Ward Leader.
 
For more information on how to find campaign finance reports and Committeepeople, or how to run for Committeeperson, please contact my office at 215-686-3460.


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